Good to know

How to plant hedging and other plants

We have noticed that if you want to plant a hedge using 1-2m high thuja, it is recommendable to improve the soil with peat and old, decomposed manure. This way, soft soil and nutrients for the developing root system are provided. It has to be decided, whether to dig a trench or a round hole for each plant. The choice depends on the distance between the plants and your possibilities. If the distance between the plants is less than 70cm, it is reasonable to dig a trench of 50x60cm. It is not worth making it more than 60cm deep as thuja develops its root system in the surface layer of the soil. Fill the trench with mix of peat and old manure in proportion 1:1. Soak well with water. The trench should be filled up to 25 cm below the surface level. The plants are put in the trench with their root balls, then soil is added to the surface level. It has to be carefully pressed to avoid air passages, and the plants should be well watered. The soil will sag during several days. It has to be filled then to the top of the trench and levelled. In the beginning, it is advisable to form soil rim around the plants so that the water does not flow away from the roots. If the weather is dry, the plants shall be regularly watered throughout the summer season, till autumn. To check if the plants need watering, take a handful of soil from underneath a plant and squeeze it in your hand. When you open it, the soil should stay lump; it should not fall to dust. Actually you have to develop a sense to know the watering needs of your plants. Lack of water is only one of the factors that may cause the plants getting yellow after they have been planted. Other factors are the time of planting, presence of large trees nearby, ground waters, air temperature, sunshine, as well as time which is necessary for the plants to take roots in the new place. Planting the trees in our tree nursery, we observed that in the first year, all plants may get yellow, independent of their size. Healthy green colour appears in the second year after trees have been planted. This is because the plants have to adapt to the new place and conditions. If the soil is loamy, it has to be improved in a different way, otherwise the root system will form very slowly, the plants would get yellow and would not grow. Basically, the plants need manure, peat, compost, minerals, water, sun and wind. Like us, plants have to eat and drink regularly. We would like to stress that everyone who grows trees, has own experience and views, everyone can either add more to what we are saying or oppose. You will gain your experience only practicing – just do it!

Covering plants in spring

To protect the plants from the blazing sun in spring, some species need to be covered – Canadian fir-tree 'Conica' and others. To give a shade to a plant, you can use the agronet, fir-twigs or reed screens available in gardening supply shops. If a fir-tree has been scorched in the sun and some needles are brown, do not worry – the brown needles will fall off, new buds will come and the plant will turn green again.   

If you would like to plant some fruit trees or roses in your garden, we recommend the neighbouring  nursery at Liepas farm. They offer apple and cherry trees, and a variety of peach, apricot and grapes.